9. Obligation to register certain associations, partnerships as companies.β€”

(1) No association, partnership or entity consisting of more than twenty persons shall be formed for the purpose of carrying on any business that has for its object the acquisition of gain by the association, partnership or entity, or by the individual members thereof, unless it is registered as a company under this Act and any violation of this section shall be an offence punishable under this section.

(2) A person guilty of an offence under this section shall be liable to a penalty not exceeding of level 1 on the standard scale and also be personally liable for all the liabilities incurred in such business.

(3) Nothing in this section shall apply toβ€”

(a) any society, body or association, other than a partnership, formed or incorporated under any law for the time being in force in Pakistan; or

(b) a joint family carrying on joint family business; or

(c) a partnership of two or more joint families where the total number of members of such families, excluding the minor members, does not exceed twenty; or

(d) a partnership formed to carry on practice as lawyers, accountants or any other profession where practice as a limited liability company is not permitted under the relevant laws or regulations for such practice.